Robert Indiana - Four Seasons of Hope - Spring
Robert Indiana - Four Seasons of Hope - Summer
Robert Indiana - LOVE sculpture
Robert Indiana - Four Seasons of Hope - Fall
Robert Indiana - Four Seasons of Hope - Winter
Robert Indiana - HOPE sculpture
Robert Indiana, is the artist name of Robert Clark, born September 13, 1928 in New Castle, Indiana and died May 19, 2018 in Vinalhaven, Maine. He was one of the precursors of Pop Art. Robert Indiana had first studied in various institutions or art schools in the United States (Indianapolis, Utica, Chicago, etc.), before he followed a course at the College of Art in Edinburgh, then in London. Robert Indiana moved to New York in 1958.
In 1961, he appeared at the "Studio of Dance" exhibition, and the following year at the historic "New Realists" exhibition, which brought together many international artists who claimed Pop Art, a language typical in North America. Also in 1962, his first personal exhibition was organized in the United States. Key artist of Pop Art, Robert Indiana exhibits everywhere and participates in all manifestations of the movement (Montreal, Sao Paulo, Düsseldorf, New York, Chicago, etc.). He was present in 1990 at the FIAC in Paris.
Robert Indiana belongs to the second wave of American Pop Art artists, a wave that came after Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, John Chamberlain, etc. Like many Pop Art artists, Indiana developed in his own direction. Taking up some of the paths opened up by others, he used neon lighting tubes and geometric figures (circles, stars, pentagons) with uniform, well-defined flat colours to express himself.
In 1963, he paid tribute to Charles Demuth with "The Demuth American Dream", a creation based on the number 5 and stars. Robert Indiana worked on the sign. Soon the artist began to use only letters and numbers. His famous "Love" with the inclined O became the reference image of Pop Art, an image that the artist would constantly create, an obsessive image that would invade the North American world. The career of Robert Indiana, who became almost a man of one image, reflects the spirit of Pop Art, a spirit that maintains an ambiguous relationship, hatred and adulation, with consumer society.